The Regulatory Oversight Committee - ROC

The Regulatory Oversight Committee (ROC) is a group of more than 65 financial markets regulators and other public authorities and 19 observers from more than 50 countries. It promotes the broad public interest by improving the quality of data used in financial data reporting, improving the ability to monitor financial risk, and lowering regulatory reporting costs through the harmonization of these standards across jurisdictions.

The ROC was established in November 2012 to coordinate and oversee a worldwide framework of legal entity identification, the Global LEI System (GLEIS). In October 2020 the ROC expanded its mandate to become the International Governance Body (IGB) of the globally harmonised Unique Transaction Identifier (UTI), the Unique Product Identifier (UPI) and the Critical Data Elements (CDE) for derivatives transactions. As IGB of the UTI, UPI and CDE, the ROC is the overseer of the designated UPI service provider, The Derivatives Service Bureau (DSB).

The Global LEI System

In 2011, the G20 called on the Financial Stability Board (FSB) to provide recommendations for a global LEI and a supporting governance structure. This led to the development of the GLEIS which, through the issuance of LEIs, now provides unique identification of legal entities participating in financial transactions across the globe.

The Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) is a 20-character, alpha-numeric code that uniquely identifies legally distinct entities that engage in financial transactions. The LEI supports authorities and market participants in identifying and managing financial risks. In particular, LEIs may be used for reporting and other regulatory purposes in the various jurisdictions represented in the ROC (more about regulatory uses of the LEI).

The GLEIS is composed of the ROC, the Global LEI Foundation (GLEIF) and LEI issuers, also known as Local Operating Units (LOUs).

International Governance Body for derivatives identifiers and data elements

G20 leaders agreed at the Pittsburgh Summit in 2009, as part of a package of reforms to strengthen the resilience of the OTC derivatives markets, that all OTC derivatives transactions should be reported to trade repositories. A lack of transparency in these markets was one of the key problems identified by the global financial crisis. Trade reporting, by providing authorities with data on trading activity, is key to identify potential vulnerabilities to financial stability in these markets.

Globally harmonised identifiers and data elements can help authorities obtain a comprehensive global view of the OTC derivatives markets. The UPI will identify the products reported to trade repositories consistently across FSB jurisdictions. The UTI will identify individual transactions reported to trade repositories and allow authorities to follow their modifications during their whole lifecycle. The CDE will capture other important characteristics of the transactions. Reference to the LEI in the harmonised derivatives identifiers and data elements will allow consistent monitoring of legal entities' trading activity, exposures and interconnectedness in the global over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets.

UPIs are assigned and maintained by The Derivatives Service Bureau (DSB). DSB is currently setting up its UPI service, performing the function of issuer of UPI codes as well as operator of the UPI reference data library. In the third quarter of 2022, the DSB expects to start issuing UPIs for OTC derivatives. The ROC has been tasked with finalising appropriately rigorous oversight arrangements of DSB.

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